Turns out that your job could, in fact, be killing you.
Study subjects were divided into 18 different groups by race, education and sex. Ten different workplace factors were considered, including unemployment and layoffs, the absence of health insurance, shift work, long working hours, job insecurity and work-family conflict.
People with less education were more likely to end up in jobs with unhealthy workplace practices, the study found. People with the highest educational levels were less affected by job stress than those with the least education, the study says.
Race and gender also matter, the study found. Blacks and Hispanics lost more years of life because of work than whites did in every education and gender category. Women generally fared better than their male counterparts, with the exception of educated Hispanic women who lost significantly more of their life span to working conditions than educated Hispanic men did.
Across all groups, fear of unemployment and layoffs and lack of health insurance were the factors that exerted the biggest influences. People without health insurance are less prone to seek out preventative health tests or see doctors when they feel unwell. Those with lower educational levels are more prone to unhealthier lifestyle practices, including smoking, lack of adequate exercise and poor diets.